Skip to main content

N.A.R.S.

Where Healing Begins...
Home
THE ANIMALS OF NARS
ACE of the Month
About Us
Calendar of Events
DONATE SPONSOR VOLUNTEER.
Educational Classes/Day C
Spay/Neuter Programs
MINIS...Yes! We Have Them
MN Gelding Project
NARS News
The Painted Horse, Inc.
Pet Matching Service
Pet Loss Service
Report Suspected Abuse
Rescues Helping Rescues
Silver's Recovery Fund
Tofu The Turkey
Animal Tranporters Needed
Wish List
Advertisers
Member Login
Contact Us
Report Suspected Abuse & Neglect

IF AN EMERGENCY
CALL 911


AND

Report Suspected Animal Abuse to:



Minnesota Federated Humane Societies
6613 Penn Ave. So.
Richfield, MN 55423


CALL: 612-866-8663

or 1-877-8ANIMAL (1-877-826-4625)



PETA

If the animal is in imminent danger, please contact your local police department immediately. If your local police department is unresponsive,

call PETA immediately—day or night—at 757-622-7382.


http://www.peta.org/about/contact-peta/report-cruelty.aspx



Animal Humane Society
845 Meadow Lane North 
Golden Valley Minnesota 55422 
Direct: 763.489.1570

or email whanson@animalhumanesociety.org



***


N.A.R.S.

Northwoods Animal Rehabilitation Sanctuary & Adoption Center, Inc.

A Non-Profit Corporation

317A Proudly Established 10/01/2010

Animal Advocation and Animal Welfare Enforcement


NARS Director, Elisa Soper-Johnson and spouse, Amon Johnson are certified Minnesota State Humane Agents

N.A.R.S. is legally authorized to act as a member of the state 
 federation of county and district societies for the prevention 
 of cruelty to animals.
***
In association with Gemini Rottweiler & Pitbull Rescue and Witchtree Training Center
Minnesota Non-Profit 501c3 Organizations
Directors Jen Wold and Kathleen Zweber, certified Minnesota State Humane Agents



*** If it is an emergency please contact ***

your local police department:

Call 911







For more information about the Henneke Scale Click on the link below
www.hennekescale.html

or download the equine body condition poster at
 http://www.thehorse.com/equine-body-condition-score-poster




MINNESOTA EQUINE LAW

Minnesota Statutes 1983, Table of Chapters

Table of contents for Chapter 346

Subdivision 1. Definition. "Equines" are horses, ponies, mules, and burros.

Subd. 2. Food. Equines must be provided with food of sufficient quantity and quality to allow for normal growth or the maintenance of body weight. Feed standards shall be those recommended by the National Research Council.

Subd. 3. Water. Equines must be provided with clean, potable water in sufficient quantity to satisfy the animal's needs or supplied by free choice. Snow or ice is not an adequate water source.

Subd. 4. Shelter. Equines must be provided a minimum of free choice protection or constructed shelter from direct rays of the sun when temperatures exceed 95 degrees Fahrenheit, from wind, and from freezing precipitation. Natural or constructed shelters must be of sufficient size to provide the necessary protection. Constructed shelters must be structurally sound, free of injurious matter, maintained in good repair, and ventilated.


Subd. 5. Space and cleanliness requirements. Constructed shelters except for tie stalls must provide space for the animal to roll with a minimum danger of being cast. Stalls must be cleaned and kept dry to the extent the animal is not required to lie or stand in fluids. Bedding must be provided in all stalls, kept reasonably clean, and periodically changed. The nature of the bedding must not pose a health hazard to the animal.


Subd. 6. Exercise. Equines must be provided opportunity for periodic exercise, either through free choice or through a forced work program, unless exercise is restricted by a licensed veterinarian.

Subd. 7. Hoof care. All equines must have their hooves properly trimmed periodically to prevent lameness.


Subd. 8. Transportation. A vehicle used to transport an equine must have a floor capable of supporting the animal's weight safely. Floors must be of nonskid construction or of nonskid material sufficient to provide the animal with traction while in transport. A minimum of 12 inches must be allowed between the withers of the largest equine and the structure above the animal while it is in a natural standing position. Sturdy partitions must be provided at a minimum of approximately every ten feet inside the vehicle. Interior compartments of transporting vehicles must be of smooth construction with no protruding or sharp objects and must provide ventilation. Food and water must be provided in sufficient quantities to minimize stress and maintain hydration.



HIST: 1983 c 358 s 4; 1986 c 444


From time to time, people tell me, "lighten up, it's just a horse,
" or, "that's a lot of money for "just a horse".
They don't understand the distance traveled, the time spent, or the costs involved for "just a horse." Some of my proudest moments have come about with "just a horse." Many hours have passed and my only company was "just a horse," but I did not once feel slighted. Some of my saddest moments have been brought about by "just a horse,' and in those days of darkness, the gentle touch of "just a horse" gave me comfort and reason to overcome the day. If you, too, think it's "just a horse," then you will probably understand phrases like "just a friend," "just a sunrise," or "just a promise." Just a horse" brings into my life the very essence of friendship, trust, and pure unbridled joy. "Just a horse" brings out the compassion and patience that make me a better person. Because of "just a horse" I will rise early, take long walks and look longingly to the future. So for me and folks like me, it's not "just a horse" but an embodiment of all the hopes and dreams of the future, the fond memories of the past, and the pure joy of the moment. "Just a horse" brings out what's good in me and diverts my thoughts away. I hope that someday they can understand that it's not "just a horse" but the thing that gives me humanity and keeps me from being "just a woman/man."
So the next time you hear the phrase "just a horse" just smile, because they "just" don't understand. ♥ ~Anonymous

***

Just a horse, cow, sheep, goat, pig, chicken, dog, cat, child...
just a living, breathing, feeling individual.

Advocate for those who need a voice.

It's Just.



-Elisa, Founder of NARS



AND JUST SO WE ARE ALL ARE CLEAR ON THE LAWS...

EXCERPTS FROM MINNESOTA ANIMAL WELFARE STATUTES

Minnesota Statutes 2001, Chapter 343.

Copyright 2001 by the Office of Revisor of Statutes, State of Minnesota.

==343.01 
     343.01 Purposes; powers; county organization. 

    Subdivision 1.    Formation authorized.  A state 
 federation of county and district societies for the prevention 
 of cruelty to animals may be created as a corporation under 
 chapter 317A for the purpose provided in section 343.06.  The 
 federation may appoint representatives in any county where no 
 active county or district society exists for the purpose of 
 receiving and accounting for funds from any source, and may also 
 appoint agents at large to carry out the work of the federation 
 throughout the state.  The federation and all county and 
 district societies may appoint agents for the purpose of 
 investigating or otherwise assisting lawfully empowered 
 officials in the prosecution of persons charged with cruelty to 
 animals.  Appointed agents must have training and experience in 
 activities relating to prevention of cruelty to animals or 
 enforcement of laws relating to cruelty to animals.  The 
 federation may make bylaws as are necessary to implement its 
 authority under this chapter and under chapter 317A. 

    Subd. 1a.    Minnesota humane society; continuation 
 confirmed.  The Minnesota humane society, also known as the 
 Minnesota society for the prevention of cruelty, is confirmed 
 and continued as a nonprofit organization under chapter 317A. 

    Subd. 1b.    Independent organizations; powers of the 
 federated humane societies.  (a) The Minnesota humane society, 
 also known as the Minnesota society for the prevention of 
 cruelty, and the Minnesota federated humane societies are not 
 affiliated with each other or with the state of Minnesota.  

    (b) The Minnesota federated humane societies have the 
 powers given to it under this chapter. 

    Subd. 2.    Unauthorized use of names prohibited.  It is 
 unlawful for any organization, association, firm or corporation 
 not named in this chapter to refer to itself as or in any way to 
 use the names Minnesota federated humane societies, Minnesota 
 society for the prevention of cruelty, the Minnesota humane 
 society, or any combination of words or phrases using the above 
 names which would imply that it represents, acts in behalf or is 
 a branch of the society or the federation.  

    Subd. 3.    Powers and duties.  The federation and the 
 society must each be governed by a board of directors designated 
 in accordance with chapter 317A.  The powers, duties, and 
 organization of the federation and the society and other matters 
 for the conduct of the business of the federation and the 
 society are as provided in chapter 317A and in the articles of 
 incorporation and bylaws of each organization. 

    HIST: (7927) RL s 3125; 1971 c 85 s 1; 1975 c 369 s 1; 1977 c 
 264 s 1; 1983 c 293 s 97; 1985 c 285 s 47; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 
 394 s 3; 1989 c 304 s 137; 1994 c 634 art 1 s 18-21 

==343.02 
  343.02 Repealed, 1977 c 264 s 5; 1977 c 332 s 17 

==343.03 
  343.03 Repealed, 1977 c 264 s 5; 1977 c 332 s 17 

==343.04 
  343.04 Repealed, 1977 c 264 s 5 

==343.05 
  343.05 Repealed, 1977 c 264 s 5 

==343.06 
     343.06 Purpose of federation. 

    It shall be the purpose of the state federation of county 
 and district humane societies to assist in the enforcement of 
 the laws for the prevention of wrongs to animals; to assist in 
 the organization of district and county societies and give them 
 representation in the state federation; to aid such societies 
 and agents in the enforcement of the laws for the prevention of 
 wrongs to animals which may now or hereafter exist, and to 
 promote the growth of education and sentiment favorable to the 
 protection of animals. 

    HIST: (7930) 1905 c 274 s 3; 1975 c 369 s 4; 1977 c 264 s 2; 
 1987 c 394 s 4 

==343.07 
  343.07 Repealed, 1977 c 264 s 5 

==343.08 
  343.08 Repealed, 1987 c 394 s 14 

==343.09 
  343.09 Repealed, 1977 c 264 s 5 

==343.10 
     343.10 County and district societies. 

    A county society for the prevention of cruelty to animals 
 may be formed in any county and a district society for the 
 prevention of cruelty to animals may be formed in any group of 
 two or more contiguous or noncontiguous counties or parts of 
 counties by not less than seven incorporators.  County and 
 district societies shall be created as corporations under 
 chapter 317A and as provided in the bylaws of the state 
 federation. 

    HIST: (7934) RL s 3126; 1975 c 369 s 7; 1987 c 394 s 5; 1989 c 
 304 s 137 

==343.11 
     343.11 Acquisition of property, appropriations. 

    Every county and district society for the prevention of 
 cruelty to animals may acquire, by purchase, gift, grant, or 
 devise, and hold, use, or convey, real estate and personal 
 property, and lease, mortgage, sell, or use the same in any 
 manner conducive to its interest, to the same extent as natural 
 persons.  The county board of any county, or the council of any 
 city, in which such societies exist, may, in its discretion, 
 appropriate for the maintenance and support of such societies in 
 the transaction of the work for which they are organized, any 
 sums of money not otherwise appropriated, not to exceed in any 
 one year the sum of $4,800 or the sum of 50 cents per capita 
 based upon the county's or city's population as of the most 
 recent federal census, whichever is greater; provided, that no 
 part of the appropriation shall be expended for the payment of 
 the salary of any officer of the society. 

    HIST: RL s 3127; 1913 c 31 s 1; 1955 c 366 s 1; 1973 c 123 art 
 5 s 7; 1973 c 187 s 1; 1975 c 369 s 8; 1985 c 69 s 1; 1987 c 394 
 s 6 

==343.12 
     343.12 Duties of peace officers. 

    Upon application of any agent appointed by the federation 
 or a county or district society, it shall be the duty of, any 
 sheriff or the agent's deputy or any police officer to 
 investigate any alleged violation of the law relative to cruelty 
 to animals, and to arrest any person found violating those 
 laws.  It shall also be the duty of those officers to take 
 possession of any animals in their respective jurisdictions 
 which have been cruelly treated, and deliver the same to the 
 proper officers of the county or district for custody and care. 

    HIST: (7936) RL s 3128; 1975 c 369 s 9; 1977 c 332 s 15; 1986 
 c 444; 1987 c 394 s 7 

==343.20 
     343.20 Definitions. 

    Subdivision 1.    Application.  Except as otherwise 
 indicated by the context, for purposes of sections 343.20 to 
 343.36, the terms defined in this section have the meanings 
 given them.  

    Subd. 2.    Animal.  "Animal" means every living 
 creature except members of the human race.  

    Subd. 3.    Torture; cruelty.  "Torture" or "cruelty" 
 means every act, omission, or neglect which causes or permits 
 unnecessary or unjustifiable pain, suffering, or death.  

    Subd. 4.    Impure milk.  "Impure and unwholesome milk" 
 means all milk obtained from diseased or unhealthy animals, or 
 from animals fed on any substance which is putrefied or 
 fermented. 

    Subd. 5.    Animal control officer.  "Animal control 
 officer" means an officer employed by or under contract with an 
 agency of the state, county, municipality, or other governmental 
 subdivision of the state which is responsible for animal control 
 operations in its jurisdiction. 

    Subd. 6.    Pet or companion animal.  "Pet or companion 
 animal" includes any animal owned, possessed by, cared for, or 
 controlled by a person for the present or future enjoyment of 
 that person or another as a pet or companion, or any stray pet 
 or stray companion animal. 

    Subd. 7.    Service animal.  "Service animal" means an 
 animal trained to assist a person with a disability. 

    Subd. 8.    Substantial bodily harm.  "Substantial 
 bodily harm" means bodily injury which involves a temporary but 
 substantial disfigurement, or which causes a temporary but 
 substantial loss or impairment of the function of any bodily 
 member or organ, or which causes a fracture of any bodily member 
 to a service animal or a pet or companion animal. 

    Subd. 9.    Great bodily harm.  "Great bodily harm" 
 means bodily injury which creates a high probability of death, 
 or which causes serious permanent disfigurement, or which causes 
 a permanent or protracted loss or impairment of the function of 
 any bodily member or organ, or other serious bodily harm to a 
 service animal or a pet or companion animal. 

    HIST: (10442) RL s 5151; 1981 c 53 s 1; 1989 c 37 s 1; 1Sp2001 
 c 8 art 8 s 5-8 

==343.21 
     343.21 Overworking or mistreating animals; penalty. 

    Subdivision 1.    Torture.  No person shall overdrive, 
 overload, torture, cruelly beat, neglect, or unjustifiably 
 injure, maim, mutilate, or kill any animal, or cruelly work any 
 animal when it is unfit for labor, whether it belongs to that 
 person or to another person. 

    Subd. 2.    Nourishment; shelter.  No person shall 
 deprive any animal over which the person has charge or control 
 of necessary food, water, or shelter. 

    Subd. 3.    Enclosure.  No person shall keep any cow or 
 other animal in any enclosure without providing wholesome 
 exercise and change of air. 

    Subd. 4.    Low feed.  No person shall feed any cow on 
 food which produces impure or unwholesome milk. 

    Subd. 5.    Abandonment.  No person shall abandon any 
 animal. 

    Subd. 6.    Temporary abandonment.  No person shall 
 allow any maimed, sick, infirm, or disabled animal to lie in any 
 street, road, or other public place for more than three hours 
 after receiving notice of the animal's condition. 

    Subd. 7.    Cruelty.  No person shall willfully 
 instigate or in any way further any act of cruelty to any animal 
 or animals, or any act tending to produce cruelty to animals. 

    Subd. 8.    Caging.  No person shall cage any animal for 
 public display purposes unless the display cage is constructed 
 of solid material on three sides to protect the caged animal 
 from the elements and unless the horizontal dimension of each 
 side of the cage is at least four times the length of the caged 
 animal.  The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to the 
 Minnesota state agricultural society, the Minnesota state fair, 
 or to the county agricultural societies, county fairs, to any 
 agricultural display of caged animals by any political 
 subdivision of the state of Minnesota, or to district, regional 
 or national educational livestock or poultry exhibitions. The 
 provisions of this subdivision do not apply to captive wildlife, 
 the exhibition of which is regulated by section 97A.041. 

    Subd. 8a.    Harming a service animal.  No person shall 
 intentionally and without justification cause bodily harm to a 
 service animal while it is providing service or while it is in 
 the custody of the person it serves. 

    Subd. 9.    Penalty.  (a) Except as otherwise provided 
 in this subdivision, a person who fails to comply with any 
 provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.  A person 
 convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subdivision 1 
 or 7 within five years of a previous violation of subdivision 1 
 or 7 is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. 

    (b) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 
 where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet 
 or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not 
 more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than 
 $3,000, or both. 

    (c) A person convicted of violating paragraph (b) within 
 five years of a previous gross misdemeanor or felony conviction 
 for violating this section may be sentenced to imprisonment for 
 not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than 
 $5,000, or both. 

    (d) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 
 where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a 
 pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not 
 more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than 
 $5,000, or both.  

    (e) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the 
 violation results in substantial bodily harm to a service animal 
 may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or 
 to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both. 

    (f) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 
 where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet 
 or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, 
 intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to 
 imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine 
 of not more than $5,000, or both. 

    (g) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the 
 violation results in death or great bodily harm to a service 
 animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than four 
 years or to payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both. 

    (h) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 
 where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a 
 pet or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, 
 intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to 
 imprisonment for not more than four years or to payment of a 
 fine of not more than $10,000, or both.  

    Subd. 10.    Restrictions.  If a person is convicted of 
 violating this section, the court shall require that pet or 
 companion animals that have not been seized by a peace officer 
 or agent and are in the custody or control of the person must be 
 turned over to a peace officer or other appropriate officer or 
 agent unless the court determines that the person is able and 
 fit to provide adequately for an animal.  If the evidence 
 indicates lack of proper and reasonable care of an animal, the 
 burden is on the person to affirmatively demonstrate by clear 
 and convincing evidence that the person is able and fit to have 
 custody of and provide adequately for an animal.  The court may 
 limit the person's further possession or custody of pet or 
 companion animals, and may impose other conditions the court 
 considers appropriate, including, but not limited to: 

    (1) imposing a probation period during which the person may 
 not have ownership, custody, or control of a pet or companion 
 animal; 

    (2) requiring periodic visits of the person by an animal 
 control officer or agent appointed pursuant to section 343.01, 
 subdivision 1; 

    (3) requiring performance by the person of community 
 service; and 

    (4) requiring the person to receive psychological, 
 behavioral, or other counseling. 

    HIST: (10443) RL s 5152; 1959 c 571 s 1-2; 1974 c 3 s 2; 1981 
 c 53 s 2; 1986 c 386 art 4 s 24; 1986 c 444; 1990 c 387 s 1; 
 1990 c 612 s 2; 1993 c 326 art 4 s 10,11; 1Sp2001 c 8 art 8 s 
 9-11 

==343.22 
     343.22 Investigation of cruelty complaints. 

    Subdivision 1.    Reporting.  Any person who has reason 
 to believe that a violation of this chapter has taken place or 
 is taking place may apply to any court having jurisdiction over 
 actions alleging violation of that section for a warrant and for 
 investigation.  The court shall examine under oath the person so 
 applying and any witnesses the applicant produces and the court 
 shall take their affidavits in writing.  The affidavits must set 
 forth facts tending to establish the grounds for believing a 
 violation of this chapter has occurred or is occurring, or 
 probable cause to believe that a violation exists.  If the court 
 is satisfied of the existence of the grounds of the application, 
 or that there is probable cause to believe a violation exists, 
 it shall issue a signed search warrant and order for 
 investigation to a peace officer in the county.  The order shall 
 command the officer to proceed promptly to the location of the 
 alleged violation.  The order may command that a doctor of 
 veterinary medicine accompany the officer.  

    Subd. 2.    Police investigation.  The peace officer 
 shall search the place designated in the warrant and, together 
 with the veterinary doctor, shall conduct an investigation of 
 the facts surrounding the alleged violation.  The peace officer 
 may retain in custody, subject to the order of the court, any 
 property or things which are specified in the warrant, including 
 any animal if the warrant so specifies.  The warrant shall 
 contain the names of the persons presenting affidavits in 
 support of the application and the grounds for its issuance.  
 Service shall be made in accordance with the provisions of 
 sections 626.13, 626.14, and 626.16.  The warrant must be 
 executed and returned to the court which issued the warrant 
 within ten days after its date; after the expiration of that 
 time the warrant, unless executed, is void.  The officer 
 executing the warrant shall promptly return the warrant to the 
 court, and deliver to it a written inventory of the property or 
 things taken, verified by the certificate of the officer.  The 
 warrant and order for investigation issued pursuant to this 
 section and section 343.23 shall have the same force as a 
 warrant issued pursuant to chapter 626. 

    Subd. 3.    Disposal of animals.  Upon a proper 
 determination by a licensed doctor of veterinary medicine, any 
 animal taken into custody pursuant to this section may be 
 immediately disposed of when the animal is suffering and is 
 beyond cure through reasonable care and treatment.  All other 
 animals shall be disposed of as provided in section 343.235.  
 The authority taking custody of the animals may recover all 
 costs incurred under this section.  

    HIST: 1971 c 647 s 1; 1974 c 299 s 1; 1981 c 53 s 3; 1986 c 
 444; 1987 c 394 s 8; 1991 c 122 s 1,2 

==343.23 
     343.23 Expenses of investigation. 

    The expenses of the investigation authorized by section 
 343.22, including the fee of the doctor of veterinary medicine, 
 the expenses of keeping or disposing of any animal taken into 
 custody pursuant to an investigation, and all other expenses 
 reasonably incident to the investigation shall be paid by the 
 county treasurer from the general fund of the county.  If the 
 person alleged to have violated section 343.21 is found guilty 
 of the violation, the county shall have judgment against the 
 guilty person for the amount of the expenses. 

    HIST: 1971 c 647 s 2; 1977 c 332 s 16; 1981 c 53 s 4 

==343.235 
     343.235 Disposition of seized animals. 

    Subdivision 1.    General rule.  An animal taken into 
 custody under section 343.12, 343.22, 343.29, or 343.31 may be 
 humanely disposed of at the discretion of the jurisdiction 
 having custody of the animal ten days after the animal is taken 
 into custody, provided that the procedures in subdivision 3 are 
 followed.  An animal raised for food or fiber products may not 
 be seized or disposed of without prior examination by a licensed 
 veterinarian pursuant to a warrant issued by a judge.  

    Subd. 2.    Security.  A person claiming an interest in 
 an animal in custody under subdivision 1 may prevent disposition 
 of the animal by posting security in an amount sufficient to 
 provide for the animal's actual costs of care and keeping.  The 
 security must be posted within ten days of the seizure inclusive 
 of the date of the seizure. 

    Subd. 3.    Notice; right to hearing.  (a) The authority 
 taking custody of an animal under section 343.12, 343.22, 
 343.29, or 343.31 shall give notice of this section by 
 delivering or mailing it to a person claiming an interest in the 
 animal or by posting a copy of it at the place where the animal 
 is taken into custody or by delivering it to a person residing 
 on the property, and telephoning, if possible.  The notice must 
 include: 

    (1) a description of the animal seized; the authority and 
 purpose for the seizure; the time, place, and circumstances 
 under which the animal was seized; and the location, address, 
 telephone number, and contact person where the animal is kept; 

    (2) a statement that a person claiming an interest in the 
 animal may post security to prevent disposition of the animal 
 and may request a hearing concerning the seizure or impoundment 
 and that failure to do so within ten days of the date of the 
 notice will result in disposition of the animal; and 

    (3) a statement that all actual costs of the care, keeping, 
 and disposal of the animal are the responsibility of the person 
 claiming an interest in the animal, except to the extent that a 
 court or hearing officer finds that the seizure or impoundment 
 was not substantially justified by law. 

    The notice must also include a form that can be used by a 
 person claiming an interest in the animal for requesting a 
 hearing under this subdivision. 

    (b) Upon request of a person claiming an interest in the 
 animal, which request must be made within ten days of the date 
 of seizure, a hearing must be held within five business days of 
 the request, to determine the validity of the seizure and 
 impoundment.  If the seizure was done pursuant to a warrant 
 under section 343.22, the hearing must be conducted by the judge 
 who issued the warrant.  If the seizure was done under section 
 343.12, 343.29, or 343.31, the municipality taking custody of 
 the animal or, in the case of a humane society, the municipality 
 from which the animal was seized, may either (1) authorize a 
 licensed veterinarian with no financial interest in the matter 
 or professional association with either party or (2) use the 
 services of a hearing officer to conduct the hearing.  A person 
 claiming an interest in the animal who is aggrieved by a 
 decision of a hearing officer under this subdivision may seek a 
 court order governing the seizure or impoundment within five 
 days of notice of the order. 

    (c) The judge or hearing officer may authorize the return 
 of the animal, if the judge or hearing officer finds that: 

    (1) the animal is physically fit; and 

    (2) the person claiming an interest in the animal can and 
 will provide the care required by law for the animal. 

    (d) The person claiming an interest in the animal is liable 
 for all actual costs of care, keeping, and disposal of the 
 animal, except to the extent that a court or hearing officer 
 finds that the seizure or impoundment was not substantially 
 justified by law.  The costs must be paid in full or a mutually 
 satisfactory arrangement for payment must be made between the 
 municipality and the person claiming an interest in the animal 
 before return of the animal to the person. 

    HIST: 1991 c 122 s 4; 1995 c 244 s 7; 1Sp2001 c 8 art 8 s 
 12,13 

==343.24 
     343.24 Cruelty in transportation. 

    Subdivision 1.    Penalty.  Any person who does any of 
 the following is guilty of a misdemeanor: 

    (a) carries or causes to be carried, any live animals upon 
 any vehicle or otherwise, without providing suitable racks, 
 cars, crates, or cages in which the animals can both stand and 
 lie down during transportation and while awaiting slaughter; 

    (b) except as provided in subdivision 2, paragraph (a), 
 carries or causes to be carried, upon a vehicle or otherwise, 
 any live animal having feet or legs tied together, or in any 
 other cruel or inhumane manner; 

    (c) transports or detains livestock in cars or compartments 
 for more than 28 consecutive hours without unloading the 
 livestock in a humane manner into properly equipped pens for 
 rest, water, and feeding for a period of at least five 
 consecutive hours, unless requested to do so as provided in 
 subdivision 2, paragraph (b), or unless prevented by storm or 
 unavoidable causes which cannot be anticipated or avoided by the 
 exercise of due diligence and foresight; or 

    (d) permits livestock to be crowded together without 
 sufficient space to stand, or so as to overlie, crush, wound, or 
 kill each other. 

    Subd. 2.    Exceptions.  (a) A person may carry or cause 
 to be carried, upon a vehicle or otherwise, a cloven-hoofed 
 animal having legs tied together, if: 

    (1) the person transporting the animal is the animal's 
 owner or an employee or agent of the owner; 

    (2) the animal weighs 250 pounds or less; 

    (3) the tying is done in a humane manner and is necessary 
 for the animal's safe transport; and 

    (4) the animal's legs are tied for no longer than one-half 
 hour. 

    (b) A person or corporation engaged in transporting 
 livestock may confine livestock for 36 consecutive hours if the 
 owner or person with custody of that particular shipment of 
 livestock requests in writing that an extension be allowed.  
 That written request shall be separate from any printed bill of 
 lading or other railroad form.  

    HIST: (10444) RL s 5153; 1921 c 186 s 1; 1981 c 53 s 5; 1998 c 
 402 s 1 

==343.25 
     343.25 Docking horses; penalty. 

    A person who cuts the bony part of a horse's tail for the 
 purpose of docking it, or who causes or knowingly permits the 
 same to be done upon premises of which the person is owner, 
 lessee, or user, or who assists in the cutting is guilty of a 
 misdemeanor.  When a horse is found so cut, upon the premises or 
 in the custody of any person, and the wound resulting is 
 unhealed, that fact shall constitute prima facie evidence that 
 the offense was committed by the person.  All fines resulting 
 from complaint made by an officer or agent of any society of 
 this state for the prevention of cruelty to animals for any 
 offense specified in this section shall be paid to the society 
 whose officer or agent made the complaint. 

    HIST: (10445) RL s 5154; 1981 c 53 s 6; 1986 c 444 

==343.26 
     343.26 Clipped animals; penalty. 

    No person who has custody of any animal which has had its 
 hair removed by clipping or shearing shall cause or permit the 
 animal to stand on a road, street, or other unsheltered place 
 between November 1 and May 1 within 60 days after the clipping 
 or shearing, unless the animal is blanketed.  Violation of this 
 section is a misdemeanor. 

    HIST: (10446) RL s 5155; 1981 c 53 s 7 

==343.27 
     343.27 Poisoning animals. 

    Any person who unjustifiably administers any poisonous, or 
 noxious drug or substance to any animal, or procures or permits 
 it to be done, or unjustifiably exposes that drug or substance 
 with intent that the drug be taken by any animal, whether the 
 animal is the property of the person or another, is guilty of a 
 gross misdemeanor. 

    HIST: (10448) RL s 5157; 1979 c 102 s 13; 1981 c 53 s 8; 1986 
 c 444 

==343.28 
     343.28 Animal with infectious disease. 

    An owner or person having charge of any animal who knows 
 the animal has any infectious or contagious disease, or knows 
 the animal has recently been exposed to an infectious or 
 contagious disease, who sells or barters the animal, or 
 knowingly permits the animal to run at large or come into 
 contact with any other animal, or with another person without 
 that person's knowledge and permission shall be guilty of a 
 misdemeanor. 

    HIST: (10450) RL s 5159; 1980 c 467 s 36; 1981 c 53 s 9 

==343.29 
     343.29 Exposure of animals; duty of officers. 

    Subdivision 1.    Delivery to shelter.  Any peace 
 officer, animal control officer, or agent of the federation or 
 county or district societies for the prevention of cruelty, may 
 remove, shelter, and care for any animal which is not properly 
 sheltered from cold, hot, or inclement weather or any animal not 
 properly fed and watered, or provided with suitable food and 
 drink in circumstances that threaten the life of the animal.  
 When necessary, a peace officer, animal control officer, or 
 agent may deliver the animal to another person to be sheltered 
 and cared for, and furnished with suitable food and drink.  In 
 all cases, the owner, if known, shall be immediately notified as 
 provided in section 343.235, subdivision 3, and the person 
 having possession of the animal, shall have a lien thereon for 
 its actual costs of care and keeping and the expenses of the 
 notice.  If the owner or custodian is unknown and cannot by 
 reasonable effort be ascertained, or does not, within ten days 
 after notice, redeem the animal by paying the expenses 
 authorized by this subdivision, the animal may be disposed of as 
 provided in section 343.235. 

    Subd. 2.    Disposal of animals.  Upon a proper 
 determination by a licensed doctor of veterinary medicine, any 
 animal taken into custody pursuant to subdivision 1 may be 
 immediately disposed of when the animal is suffering and is 
 beyond cure through reasonable care and treatment.  The expenses 
 of disposal shall be subject to the provisions of section 343.23.

    HIST: (10451) RL s 5160; 1907 c 398 s 1; 1973 c 123 art 5 s 7; 
 1974 c 299 s 2; 1981 c 53 s 10; 1987 c 394 s 9; 1989 c 37 s 2; 
 1991 c 122 s 3; 1995 c 244 s 8 

==343.30 
     343.30 Injury to birds. 

    A person who in any manner maliciously maims, kills, or 
 destroys any bird designated as unprotected by section 97A.015, 
 subdivision 52, or who maliciously destroys the nests or eggs of 
 any such bird shall be guilty of a petty misdemeanor. 

    HIST: (10447) RL s 5156; 1981 c 53 s 11; 1986 c 386 art 4 s 25 

==343.31 
     343.31 Animal fights prohibited. 

    Any person who (1) promotes or engages in, or is employed 
 at the activity of cockfighting, dogfighting, or violent pitting 
 of one domestic animal against another of the same or a 
 different kind; or (2) receives money for the admission of any 
 person to any place used, or about to be used, for that 
 activity; or (3) willfully permits any person to enter or use 
 for that activity premises of which the permitter is the owner, 
 agent, or occupant; or (4) uses, trains or possesses a dog or 
 other animal for the purpose of participating in, engaging in or 
 promoting that activity is guilty of a felony.  Any person who 
 purchases a ticket of admission or otherwise gains admission to 
 that activity is guilty of a misdemeanor. 

    HIST: (10449) RL s 5158; 1981 c 22 s 1; 1986 c 444 

==343.315 
     343.315 Live lure greyhound training or racing. 

    No person may train a greyhound for racing using a live 
 lure or live bait or conduct a greyhound race using a live lure 
 or live bait. 

    HIST: 1991 c 74 s 1 

==343.32 
     343.32 Artificially colored animals; sale.  

    No chick, duckling, gosling, or rabbit that has been dyed 
 or otherwise colored artificially may be sold or offered for 
 sale; raffled; offered or given as a prize, premium, or 
 advertising device; or displayed in any store, shop, carnival, 
 or other public place.  

    HIST: 1965 c 620 s 1 

==343.33 
     343.33 Use as advertising devices. 

    Chicks, ducklings, and goslings younger than four weeks of 
 age shall not be sold or offered for sale; raffled; or offered 
 or given as a prize, premium, or advertising device, in quantity 
 of fewer than 12 birds to an individual person unless sold by a 
 person, firm, partnership or corporation engaged in the business 
 of selling chicks, ducklings, and goslings for agricultural or 
 wildlife purposes. 

    HIST: 1965 c 620 s 2; 1981 c 53 s 12 

==343.34 
     343.34 Care of animals used as advertising devices. 

    Stores, shops, vendors, and others offering chicks, 
 ducklings, or goslings for sale; raffle; or as a prize, premium, 
 or advertising device; or displaying chicks, ducklings, or 
 goslings to the public; shall provide and operate brooders or 
 other heating devices that may be necessary to maintain the 
 chicks, ducklings, or goslings in good health, and shall keep 
 adequate food and water available to the birds at all times. 

    HIST: 1965 c 620 s 3; 1981 c 53 s 13 

==343.35 
     343.35 Violations. 

    A violation of sections 343.32 to 343.34 is a petty 
 misdemeanor; provided that, after any violation has been called 
 to the attention of the violator by any law enforcement officer, 
 each day on which the violation continues or is repeated 
 constitutes a separate offense. 

    HIST: 1965 c 620 s 4; 1981 c 53 s 14 

==343.36 
     343.36 Greased pig contests and turkey scrambles. 

    No person shall operate, run or participate in a contest, 
 game, or other like activity, in which a pig, greased, oiled or 
 otherwise, is released and wherein the object is the capture of 
 the pig, or in which a chicken or turkey is released or thrown 
 into the air and wherein the object is the capture of the 
 chicken or turkey.  Any violation of this section is a 
 misdemeanor. 

    HIST: 1971 c 649 s 1; 1981 c 53 s 15 

==343.37 
     343.37 Decompression chambers prohibited. 

    A person may not use a decompression chamber to destroy an 
 animal.  A violation of this section is a misdemeanor.  

    HIST: 1985 c 270 s 1 

==343.40 
     343.40 Dog houses. 

    Subdivision 1.    In general.  A person in charge or 
 control of any dog which is kept outdoors or in an unheated 
 enclosure shall provide the dog with shelter and bedding as 
 prescribed in this section as a minimum. 

    Subd. 2.    Building specifications.  The shelter shall 
 include a moistureproof and windproof structure of suitable size 
 to accommodate the dog and allow retention of body heat.  It 
 shall be made of durable material with a solid, moisture-proof 
 floor or a floor raised at least two inches from the ground.  
 Between November 1 and March 31 the structure must have a 
 windbreak at the entrance.  The structure shall be provided with 
 a sufficient quantity of suitable bedding material consisting of 
 hay, straw, cedar shavings, blankets, or the equivalent, to 
 provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness and 
 promote retention of body heat. 

    Subd. 3.    Shade.  Shade from the direct rays of the 
 sun, during the months of June to September shall be provided. 

    Subd. 4.    Farm dogs.  In lieu of the requirements of 
 subdivisions 2 and 3, a dog kept on a farm may be provided with 
 access to a barn with a sufficient quantity of loose hay or 
 bedding to protect against cold and dampness. 

    Subd. 5.    Zoning.  All shelters required by this 
 section shall be subject to all building or zoning regulations 
 of any city, township, county, or state. 

    Subd. 6.    Penalty.  Whoever violates the provisions of 
 this section is guilty of a petty misdemeanor. 

    HIST: 1959 c 571 s 2; 1965 c 764 s 1; 1973 c 123 art 5 s 7; 
 1981 c 53 s 16; 1998 c 402 s 2 



Add your content here